The term “neurologic disorder” applies to any condition that is caused by a dysfunction in part of the brain or nervous system, resulting in physical and/or psychological symptoms.
The development of the human brain begins during pregnancy and continues through infancy, childhood and adolescence. Most brain cells are formed before birth but the trillions of connections between these nerve cells (neurons) are not developed until infancy.
Children reach developmental milestones at their own pace. Minor, temporary delays are usually no cause for alarm, but an ongoing delay or multiple delays in reaching milestones can lead to issues later in life. Delay in reaching language, thinking, and motor skills milestones is called developmental delay.
Developmental delay may be caused by a variety of factors, including heredity, problems with pregnancy, and premature birth. The cause is not always known. If you suspect your child has developmental delay, speak with your pediatrician. Developmental delay sometimes indicates an underlying condition that only doctors can diagnosis. Early intervention will help your child’s progress and development into adulthood.
- Fine motor skills include small movements like holding a toy or using a crayon.
- Gross motor skills require larger movements, like jumping, climbing stairs, or throwing a ball.
- Speech and language delay
- To enable children to learn and enhance fine motor skills needed for daily living (e.g., dressing, eating, and bathing)
- Physical therapy to enhance physical capabilities (e.g., walking, jumping, balance, holding objects)
- Behavior therapy that minimizes and corrects negative behaviors such as throwing tantrums, refusal to interact socially, or hitting others
- Medications or surgery are sometimes advised, but this is determined by the root cause of a child’s developmental problems.