- Ligament Sprain: A ligament sprain occurs when its inelastic fibres are stretched through too great a range and tearing of the ligament takes place. It can range from mild (tearing of just a few fibres) to severe (complete rupture of the ligament, leading to joint instability). Mild to moderate sprains are treated conservatively and normally heal after 6 weeks.
Management of ligament sprains includes first aid immediately post-injury (RICE) tissue healing modalities, joint movement to prevent stiffness, massage and muscle strengthening. Complete (severe) ruptures of ligaments may include surgery to repair or reconstruct the ligament.
- Meniscus Tear: A meniscus tear is a common knee joint injury. How well the knee will heal and whether surgery will be needed depends in large part on the type of tear and how bad the tear is. We plan a rehabilitation (rehab) program that helps you regain as much strength and flexibility in your knee as possible. Your rehab program probably will include physiotherapy and home exercises.
- A coordinated program of physiotherapy and home exercises can advance healing in your knee and help you return to desired activities.
- Building strength and flexibility in your knee and legs may help prevent future degeneration in your knee.For most tears, some simple exercises can help maintain muscle strength in the front of the thigh (quadriceps), back of the thigh (hamstrings), calf, and hip. All of these areas are important for your overall leg function while your knee heals after an injury or after surgery. Exercises should only be done on the advice of your doctor and only if you feel very minimal or no pain while you do them at home.
- Compartment Syndrome Compartmental Syndrome is defined as a critical pressure increase within a confined compartmental space causing a decline in the perfusion pressure to the tissue within that compartment. The increase in interstitial pressure occurs within the osseo-fasical compartment. This syndrome is a condition that can appear in many parts of the body: foot, leg, thigh, forearm, hand, buttocks etc.
- Fractures: A fracture is a break, usually in a bone. If the broken bone punctures the skin, it is called an open or compound fracture. Fracture commonly happen because of car accidents, falls, or sports injuries. Other causes are low bone density and osteoporosis, which cause weakening of the bones.
- Torn Tendon: A tendon is the fibrous tissue that attaches muscle to bone in the human body. The forces applied to a tendon may be more than 5 times your body weight. In some rare instances, tendons can snap or rupture. Conditions that make a rupture more likely include the injection of steroids into a tendon, certain diseases (such as gout or hyperparathyroidism).
Although fairly uncommon, a tendon rupture can be a serious problem and may result in excruciating pain and permanent disability if untreated. Each type of tendon rupture has its own signs and symptoms and can be treated either surgically or medically depending on the severity of the rupture and the confidence of the surgeon.
- Sprain & Strain: A strain to the muscle or muscle tendon is the equivalent of a sprain to ligaments. A muscle strain occurs when muscle fibers cannot cope with the demands placed on them by exercise overload and leads to tearing of the fibers. It is a contraction-induced injury in which muscle fibers tear due to extensive mechanical stress. This mostly occurs as result of a powerful eccentric contraction or over stretching of the muscle. Therefore, it is typical for non contact sports with dynamic character such as sprinting and jumping.
A sprain is a stretching or tearing of ligaments — the tough bands of fibrous tissue that connect two bones together in your joints. The most common location for a sprain is in your ankle. Initial treatment includes rest, ice, compression and elevation. Mild sprains can be successfully treated at home.
- Spinal Stenosis: Spinal stenosis is a condition in which the spinal canal narrows and the nerve roots and spinal cord become compressed. Because not all patients with spinal narrowing develop symptoms, the term “spinal stenosis” actually refers to the symptoms of pain and not to the narrowing itself.
- Stress fracture: Stress fractureis a fatigue-induced fracture of the bone caused by repeated stress over time. Instead of resulting from a single severe impact, stress fracturesare the result of accumulated trauma from repeated submaximal loading, such as running or jumping.
- Muscle Contusions (Bruise): A muscle contusion or muscle bruise is an injury to the soft tissue (muscle fibers, connective tissue and/or blood vessels and nerves) of the upper leg. The most commonly involved muscle is the quadriceps. The muscle contusion may be accompanied by bone contusion (bruise) or even a fracture (broken bone).